文章摘要
夏金莲.人脸识别技术的应用风险及其法律规制———以«个人信息保护法»的制定为契机[J].西昌学院学报(社会科学版),2021,33(1):55-62.
人脸识别技术的应用风险及其法律规制———以«个人信息保护法»的制定为契机
Risk in the Application of Face Recognition Technology and Its Legal Legislation:From the Perspective of the Enactment of the Personal Information Protection Law
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人脸识别ꎻ应用场景ꎻ应用风险ꎻ«个人信息保护法»
英文关键词: face recognitionꎻ application scenariosꎻ application riskꎻ Personal Information Protection Law
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作者单位
夏金莲 贵州民族大学法学院ꎬ贵州 贵阳 550025 
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中文摘要:
      人脸识别技术通过对人脸图像进行特征提取、分类识别,从而达到身份鉴别的目的,其具有识别的自动性、自然性和风险防控的复杂性等特征。人脸识别技术应用场景众多,根据应用目的的不同,可以将其划分为基于公益目的的应用和基于私益目的的应用。人脸识别技术的应用具有侵犯个人隐私、贬损个人人格尊严、侵害个人财产权益等风险,法律规制无力是这些风险产生的主要原因。 «个人信息保护法»的制定是治理人脸识别技术应用的良好契机,未来可以以«个人信息保护法»为基础,渐次推导出适用人脸识别技术的规范,明确人脸识别技术应用的法律原则以及使用者的义务,并区分不同应用场景下法律规制的重心。
英文摘要:
      Face recognition technology can serve the purpose of identification by extracting and classifying face imagesꎬ which has the characteristics of automatic recognitionꎬ naturalness and complexity in risk prevention and control. This technology can be applied to many occasions. According to different purposes of applicationꎬ it can be divided into the application for public welfare purpose and the application for private interest purpose. The application of face recognition technology bears the risks of infringing personal privacyꎬ derogating personal dignity and infringing personal property rights and interests which haven′t been effectively subjected to laws and regulations. The enactment of the Personal Information Protection Law is a good opportunity for better regulating the application of face recognition technology. In the futureꎬ based on the legal framework provided by the Personal Information Protection Lawꎬ we can gradually draw up the norms applicable to face recognition technologyꎬ clarify the legal principles of face recognition technology and the obligations of usersꎬ and shift to different legal focuses under different application scenarios.
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