文章摘要
谢 晖.清代治理苗疆的独特法律——“苗例”[J].西昌学院学报(社会科学版),2019,31(3):1-11.
清代治理苗疆的独特法律——“苗例”
The Unique Law Governing Ethnic Miao Region in Qing Dynasty:the "Miao Sub-statutes"
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 清代  苗疆  苗例  判例(法)
英文关键词: Qing dynasty  Miao Region  the Miao sub-statutes  case in law
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作者单位
谢 晖 甘肃政法大学兰州 730000 
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中文摘要:
      如何理解作为地域概念和族群概念的苗疆与苗?进而如何理解清代治理苗疆地区的法律——“苗例”?由于系统资料的 匮乏,立法授权的过于简洁以及相关司法档案的几乎阙如,因此,学界只能通过一鳞半爪的资料,站在各自的立场上予以研判, 故而这仍是尚有争议、未有定论的话题。通过学术辨析,强调不能以当今苗族和苗族生活的区域为标准划定苗疆与苗,而应还 原到“改土归流”的历史情境中认识苗疆和苗,进而对“苗例”的认识,不必拘泥于官方的立法授权,更应站在司法的视角,以及 与清代治理其他民族之法律的比较视角观察和认识之。
英文摘要:
      How to understand the Miao Region and Miao group as regional and ethnic concepts? And how to further understand the law of Qing Dynasty governing the Miao Region — "the Miao Sub-statutes"? Due to lack of systematic information, simplicity of legislative authorization and the scarcity of relevant judicial archives, the academic circle can only study and judge from their respective standpoints through scanty data, so these are still controversial and inconclusive topics. Based on academic analyses, this paper affirms that Miao Region and Miao group can not be defined as Miao nationality and their living area of today, and identification of Miao Region and Miao group should be based upon the historical "bureaucratization of native officials". Further, understanding of "Miao Sub-statutes" need not be restricted to official legislative authorization; it should be examined and understood from the perspective of judiciary and from the comparative perspective of the laws governing other nationalities in the Qing dynasty.
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