文章摘要
王振兴1,王 坚2.项羽“新安杀降”新诠[J].西昌学院学报(社会科学版),2019,31(2):50-54.
项羽“新安杀降”新诠
ANew Interpretation of XiangYu's "Killing the Surrendered at Xin'an"
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 项羽杀降  秦法  国家观念
英文关键词: Xiang Yu's killing of the surrendered  Qin law  notion of the state
基金项目:2017年国家社科基金青年项目:藏文文献中的皇帝观念及其演变与民族认同到国家认同的构建研究(2017CMZ011); 国家社会科学基金一般项目:晚清民国中州理学研究(17BZS078);阿坝师范学院专业核心课程建设项目:历史地理学 (20170721)。
作者单位
王振兴1,王 坚2 1.阿坝师范学院马克思主义学院四川 汶川 623002
2.河北师范大学历史文化学院河北 石家庄 050011 
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中文摘要:
      “新安杀降”素来被视作项羽暴行的代表和失败的重要原因之一,这种论断似乎低估了秦人的心理承受能力,也高估了事 件本身的效力。商鞅变法后的秦国兵卒,虽视死如归但却最没有国家观念,可谓是既不忠君也不爱国,唯恐秦法!而身处战争 环境的秦人更是对于军队之间的杀降屠城司空见惯。故而“,新安杀降”对历史走向的影响力恐不宜高估。
英文摘要:
      "Killing the surrendered at Xin'an" has always been regarded as a typical case of Xiang Yu's atrocities and one of the key reasons for his failure. This argument seems to underestimate Qin people's psychological endurance and overestimate the impact of the event itself. After ShangYang Reforms, the soldiers of Qin Empire, though facing death unflinchingly, have no notions of the state, being neither loyal to the emperor nor patriotic, and only fearing Qin law! Qin people, frequently in wars with others, had become too accustomed to the killing of the surrendered and the destruction of cities between the armies. Therefore, the impact of "killing the surrendered at Xin'an" on our historical course might not be overestimated.
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